Hi friends, Today let us try to understand the mechanics of the forky bolts and answer a flashing question what causes lightning and thunder?
Lightning is a huge electrical spark that can be eight kilometers long followed by an earth-shattering big boom noise that could be very unsettling to the years and each boat is so powerful that it would take up to 80 million carb batteries to equal the power of one thunderbolt.
This single bolt has enough energy to light a 100-watt bulb for three months but these powerhouses come with a hefty cost as they can destroy anything that comes under their striking zone.
Yes though roughly 90 percent of people hit by lightning survive however they may suffer severe injury due to internal organ and nervous system damage.
But the vital question is what causes these flashy bright lights on a stormy day and night well to know about it let’s start with your own life. Now tell me, have you ever been shocked when you touched a doorknob, a car door handle, or a water fountain?
well if you did then you might have been part of generating a mini lightning bolt. Yes, my friends, that shock you experienced is the effects of static electricity which builds up in things.
Around us and stay there for a while these tiny electric charges are generated when two things are rubbed together so, when you scuff your feet on a woolly carpet you pick up little bits of negative charge along the way.
When you touch a doorknob or something else made of metal that has a positive charge with few electrons the extra electrons take this opportunity and jump from you to the knob and zap you feel the shocking sensation.
The phenomenon causes lightning but at a much grander scale yes the clouds hovering in the sky during the storm have bits of ice in them and when these icy particles rob each other they cause an electrical charge to increase inside the cloud.
Some particles have a negative charge while some are positively charged these two opposite charges tend to pull towards each other just like a magnet usually. These charges are evenly balanced but the stormy winds in the cloud cause them to separate within the cloud and generate lightning in them.
But we are more worried about the flashes that zap from the cloud and hit the ground most often the negative charge settles at the lower part of the cloud and since opposites attract this causes a positive charge to build upon the ground beneath the cloud.
The ground’s electrical charge concentrates on anything that sticks up such as mountains a single tree or a pole the charge coming up from these points eventually connects with a charge reaching down from the clouds and we will see the flashy fork-shaped electric currents shooting up in the cloud.
It happens so fast that lightning seems to be hitting the ground but in reality it’s the other way around shocking, isn’t it? Did you know? every second about 100 lightning bolts strike the earth yes in the USA, alone lightning hits the ground 25 million times a year hope you learned something new today…
If you have any doubt regarding anything, feel free to ask down in the comments.