What is Pollination?

What is Pollination

Hey friends I’m sure you must have heard the term Pollination in school many times but have you ever wondered how exactly it works? Today let us explore the reproductive world of plants and answer an evergreen question What is Pollination?

So, Pollination is the process through which flowers reproduce meaning they give birth to fruits and crops but the vital question is how does it happen to know that?

First, we need to learn about the reproductive parts of the flaws and what are they well the flank consists of both male and female reproductive parts the main reproductive part of the flower is called a stamen.

It is made up of anther and filament. The anther has a sac-like structure that contains pollen grains which are the yellow powdery tiny particles that play a crucial role in reproduction.

And below the anther is a long stem-like part called the filament on the other hand the female reproductive part of a flaw is called pistil consisting of stigma and ovaries.

The stigma has a glue-like substance whereas the style is a thin stem-like structure that connects the stigma to the ovary a sac-like structure that contains eggs that reside in ovules.

What is Pollination
What is Pollination

Now that we have learned about a plant’s reproductive parts let us know about the process of pollination is a process through which pollen grains are picked from an anther and transferred to the flower stigma. This process can occur in two ways self-pollination and cross-pollination.

So let us look at them in detail… self-pollination occurs when the pollen from the anther is deposited on the stigma of the same flower or another flower on the same plant through wind and water. Whereas, cross-pollination occurs between different plants in which pollen grains are transferred from the anther of one flower.

Or, plant to the stigma of another through agents like insects birds wind etc known as pollinators. For example, when a bee sits on a flower for sipping nectar the pollen gets stuck on its body and when it flies to the next flower for more necker the pollen from the bee’s body gets deposited on the female reproductive part.

And when that happens the pollen gets slipped into the ovary and enters the ovule where seeds are formed through a method called fertilization. This animal or insect-based cross-pollination process is known as zoophilia.

Just like that, it can happen in two more ways, First is animophily where the pollens are transferred by winds and the second process is anthropophilic. Where plants are artificially pollinated by humans using a cotton swabs.

Did you know? more than 70 percent of plant species depend on insects birds bats and other animals to transport the pollen also at least 30 percent of 1500 crop plant species in the world depend on pollination by bees and other insects.

So, Friends, I hope you learned something new today. If you have any questions regarding anything feel free to ask down in the comments. I am ready to answer down your question.

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